Some IT acronyms and phrases you may want to know

“Don’t give me any beta – I want to on sight the route. I’m hoping there’s some bomber rest spots so I don’t get pumped, and I hope I don’t have to do any gardening.”

“Hey! Wuz gr8 2 cu but gtg ttyl!”

Do either of those sentences make sense to you? If the first one does, you may be a climber! If the second one does, you’re fluent in text speak.

In every sport or activity from climbing to texting, there is a type of language all to itself. IT has one of its own. Here are some words or acronyms you may come across in the IT world.

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BYOD – Bring Your Own Device. Something to consider when setting up your online system – are people bring their own devices (phones, tablets, laptops) to use on your system?

CPU – Central processing unit. The electronic circuitry that is essentially the brain of the computer.

DHCP – Dynamic Host Control Protocol. A server that assigns an IP address to a system when it’s attached to a network.

DNS – Domain Name Services. DNS converts the TCP/IP address into a human readable format – it’s what puts the names on servers. When you go to Google, it’s actually an IP address, but the name Google is attached to it.

Freemium – when a game or app is free to download but to advance in it or use it to its fullest extent, you have to pay money.

GHz – Gigahertz. It’s used to measure the speed of the CPU – the speed of the number of instructions per second it can carry out. The higher the number, the faster the processing speed.

http: – Hypertext transport protocol.  It’s the foundation of the web that you look at.

IP address – stands for Internet Protocol, and each computer in a system has one, which is a number associated with it for its location in the system.

RAID – Redundant array of inexpensive discs. It’s known as redundant array of independent discs. Disks used to be hugely expensive. Take several inexpensive ones and combine them together in a way that makes them faster or that they are redundant or faster and redundant. Common Raids that start off at zero and go up.

RAID can be a component of a server. When you go to google, the first thing you see is a web server. It serves http pages.  Virtually everything you interact with online connects you to a server – Dropbox, web, email. Most applications on your phone communicate with some sort of server. When you go to Google, there’s many servers acting in concert.

Ransomware – programs used by criminals and hackers to take over your computers files and take them hostage.

SAN – Storage area network. Basically a server with a bunch of hard disks in it, and it usually has a specialized operating system on it. It’s usually separated / can be separated from your network in its own network. It’s a large area of disk space that can be configured – it can be mass files – or it can have virtualized servers.

SSL – Secure socket layer. An encrypted link between a server and a client and helps protect information.

Server virtualization – you can have one physical machine and multiple servers.

TCP/IP – Transmission Control Protocol.  The communication language that computers use to talk to each other. Every computer on the network has its own address for the segment that it’s on. Like every house has an address – information can go to and from it.

VNC – Virtual network computing. A remote display system where you can view your computer and its files from anywhere.

VoIP – Voice over Internet Protocol. Essentially phone service via the internet.

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